20 Most Commonly Asked Questions About CBD Ireland

These are the 20 most commonly asked questions about CBD Ireland. If you have any specific questions then please do email us at lisa@hempwell.ie

1. What is CBD?

What is CBD?

CBD, short for Cannabidiol, is a chemical compound naturally occurring in the hemp plant, Cannabis Sativa. It can be taken orally (as a tablet, capsule or gummy), sublingually (under the tongue as a tincture) or topically (applied to the skin as a cream) to deliver a wide range of benefits.

It does not currently need a prescription and people are using it to self-treat a wide range of issues. A 2017 report by the World Health Organisation (WHO) found that CBD could provide relief for a variety of conditions including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, and Multiple Sclerosis, as well as general pain, anxiety and depression.

Is CBD legal?

CBD is legal here in the UK, provided it comes from an industrial hemp strain that is EU approved and contains no THC, but you need to make sure you are getting it from a trusted source. Hemp Well organically grown CBD comes from EU certified hemp grown at our own farm, processed and lab tested to make sure it is pure and contains accurate dosages. We control the process from seed to shelf so that you can be confident you are getting a high quality, fully traceable product. For more information on CBD regulations in the UK read our Is CBD legal? post in the Education Centre.

Does it get you high?

There are over a hundred chemical compounds which are naturally occurring in hemp plants. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most well-known thanks to its psychoactive properties but CBD is non-psychoactive and won’t get you “high”. It allows you to get many of the same benefits, such as feeling relaxed, without any of the negative effects that come from THC.

2. Is CBD addictive?

Is CBD addictive?

This is one of the most-Googled questions about CBD, so we are happy to be able to help put your mind at ease: No CBD is not addictive. It is currently sold as a food supplement, not a drug, here in the UK .

According to an independent 2017 report, the World Health Organization (WHO) states that “evidence from well-controlled human experimental research indicates that CBD is not associated with abuse potential.” In simple terms, there is currently no evidence to suggest that CBD is addictive. This is because CBD doesn’t get you ‘high’, so there is little to no abuse potential.

Not only is CBD not addictive, but it may even help treat drug addiction.

Preliminary evidence from this report suggests that CBD could lower the likelihood of developing cocaine and methamphetamine use disorders and it may even help prevent relapse after a period of sobriety. And the authors of this 2015 review found evidence that CBD could potentially be used to help treat nicotine and cannabis addiction.

However, research into the long-term effects of CBD usage is still in its early stages and we will always report on any new findings here in the HempWell Education Centre.

3. Is CBD legal in Ireland?

Short answer: If you’re buying from a reputable brand, Yes!

Long Answer:

As Ireland and the U.K. used to have relatively vague legislation surrounding cannabis, they are still quite reluctant to talk about it. However, this is not the case for other European countries.

Today, most of them recognize that CBD is harmless and authorize the marketing of products that contain it.

This is, for example, the case in Italy, Greece, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Croatia, the Czech Republic, and Estonia. In contrast, CBD is illegal in Slovakia!

If you’re wondering about the legality of CBD in Ireland, typically, in the event of a conflict, E.U. law (i.e. less than 0.2% THC) takes precedence.

The Food Safety Authority of Ireland acknowledges this 0.2% THC threshold as the differentiator between permitted and illegal CBD products. As long as you’re buying from a reputable brand with quality products, CBD is perfectly legal to buy and take!

Note that Europe has the second-largest market for CBD products globally and that the Irish market is opening up to greater commercialization and distribution of CBD.

4. Where do we get our CBD from?

A lot of our customers ask where does our CBD come from and we are very proud of cultivating our own hemp and being able to trace it from seed to shelf. Here we made a short video of Lisa, one of our founders, visiting our hemp cultivation farm in Bulgaria.

In the video you can see the farm where are hemp is grown, and you can even see the baby plants!

5. What dosage should I take?

What dosage is right for you depends on a number of factors including; your body weight, how you consume the CBD, what strength of CBD you take and what conditions you are hoping to treat.

We have written a comprehensive guide on dosage to help you figure out how much to take for your specific needs. Read the full guide here.

6. How do I take CBD?

How Do I take CBD?

CBD is a very versatile compound which means we can manufacture several different delivery systems to suit all tastes. Oils are popular but some people prefer tablet, others prefer gummies or capsules. There are benefits to each different format.

Oils

If you want to be able to easily increase or decrease dosage in smaller increments then we recommend you try a CBD oil tincture. All our CBD oils come with a graduated pipette for easy dosing. As you can measure as little as 0.2ml at a time, you have complete control over your dosages. The stronger the concentration of CBD in the oil, the less oil you need to take for the same dosage.

A tincture is a concoction you take by dropper or spray straight into your mouth. You can take CBD oil sublingually by putting it directly under your tongue (that part of the mouth is a capillary-rich area and so the CBD will reach your bloodstream quicker). Try dropping a dose of CBD under your tongue and holding it there for a minute before swallowing for fast-delivery of CBD.

Another way of taking CBD oils would be to add it to foods. As CBD oils are fat-soluble, they are especially great when added to smoothies, salad dressings, avocado recipes or porridge oats. Make sure not to cook with it as it starts to degrade if it gets too hot. Bear in mind that when CBD is ingested it passes through the digestive tract which means it will work slower than if you absorbed the oil under your tongue.

Capsule/Tablet/Gummy

CBD oil also comes in a capsule/tablet/gummy form, which can be a good option for people who want to maintain a consistent amount of the compound in the body. Some products, such as CBD gummies, capsules, or tablets tell you how much is in a single serving. For example, our gummies contain 10mg per gummy. This makes it very easy to monitor and adjust intake in 10mg increments. However, when CBD is ingested it passes through the digestive tract which means you might have to wait upwards of 30 minutes before experiencing any effect. Gummies can be chewed and eaten like any food. Tablets and capsules are designed to be swallowed with water.

Creams

In balm or cream form, CBD is often blended with other natural ingredients which makes it easy to spread on the skin and often comes with other benefits too (for example our face cream contains Vitamin E for moisturising). When used topically, CBD can reach local targets, like sore muscles or joints. We’ve also heard it works wonders for period pain.

If you want some help with calculating dosages for any of these methods, we have written a comprehensive guide to CBD Dosage which you can find here.

Can CBD get you high? Many people say it eases anxiety and helps them fall asleep. But the euphoria—and sometimes, paranoia and even psychosis—brought on by THC are not experienced with CBD used alone. In fact, there’s some evidence that CBD can help balance out the potentially negative effects of THC. “Cannabidiol is kind of a weird one because it doesn’t really work like THC at all, it kind of almost works in opposition and we don’t really understand quite the mechanism by which CBD is actually working in the brain to have all of these effects that people are claiming that they’re having,” McLaughlin says, MD, FRCPC, a professor of psychiatry and pharmacology at the University of Toronto.

CBD works by interacting with our bodies’ Endocannabinoid System (ECS). CBD impacts our bodies largely by binding to proteins, or receptors, that are located on the surface of our cells, thereby initiating certain physiological responses. The nervous system contains cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. CBD does not appear to bind strongly to these receptors, instead, it seems to achieve its effects by binding to other types of receptors as well, such as serotonin receptors, known to influence things like pain, anxiety, mood, and sleep.

There are three main types of cannabidiol (CBD). CBD isolate is the pure form of CBD, while full-spectrum CBD is an extract containing all other compounds of the hemp plant, such as terpenes and other cannabinoids. The third type is broad-spectrum CBD which is full spectrum CBD with the THC removed. At Hemp Well we use both CBD Isolate and Broad Spectrum CBD in our products. Some customers prefer the smooth taste of our isolate based CBD oil, while others prefer the more earthy hemp taste of the broad spectrum oils. Some research suggests that the CBD has a greater effect when taken with other plant compounds (the entourage effect) in the broad spectrum oil but from our feedback, customers have experienced positive benefits from both types of CBD product.

The Entourage Effect, a theory popularized by Dr. Ethan Russo, suggests that all compounds within the cannabis matrix work together synergistically to increase therapeutic potential. Essentially, entourage effect is the theory that compounds from the hemp (cannabis sativa) plant are more effective when consumed together. According to this theory, instead of isolating certain compounds such as using only CBD isolate to make a tincture, by preserving the variety of compounds that are inherent in the plant (like terpenes and other cannabinoids) you can increase the efficacy and therapeutic benefits of the plant.

Cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD, is a legal compound found in hemp plants. It is often confused with an illegal cannabinoid Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), this is the compound responsible for the ‘high’ associated with cannabis. If you consume CBD oil, you will not test positive for cannabis or any other drug on a workplace drug test.

CBD is not currently listed on the World Anti-Doping Agency’s Prohibited List. As a result, it is permitted to use in sport.

From the United Kingdom, Anti Doping Agency (UKAD) see the full article here.

Although studies are still ongoing to determine potential interactions between CBD and specific medications, there’s one rule of thumb that can help consumers in the meantime: avoid CBD if your medications have a grapefruit warning on the label. This warning indicates that people taking the medication should avoid consuming grapefruit or grapefruit juice. According to the Food and Drug Administration, consuming grapefruit while on one of these medications can lead to a higher concentration of the medication in the bloodstream and adverse side effects or even an overdose. More than 85 drugs interact with grapefruit and some closely related citrus juices — like Seville oranges, pomelos, and tangelos. That’s because chemicals in grapefruit known as furanocoumarins inhibit CYP3A4, CBD works in a similar way. The result is a slowed metabolization of medications. Grapefruit warnings are common in several types of medications, but not all medications within a category will require the avoidance of grapefruit. Check your medication’s insert information or ask your doctor.

Research is still ongoing into the benefits of CBD oil for a range of conditions, including diabetes. A 2016 study by Nottingham University researchers found that CBD in combination with another cannabinoid compound, tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) was effective in lowering blood sugar levels and increasing insulin production. You can read more about this here.

The Food Standards Agency in the UK recommends the maximum daily CBD dosage is no more than 1mg per KG or 70mg. Do not exceed the recommended daily dose.

How CBD makes you feel is highly subjective, each person might have a slightly different experience. Various factors can also affect the outcome including the dosage you take, how the product is consumed, the quality of the CBD and what other ingredients included, all make for unique experiences. As a very simple explanation, you can think of the core effect of CBD as being similar to that you experience when you take something like Paracetamol. When it takes effect you experience the absence of negative symptoms and a return back to a more ‘normal’ state – more ‘you’. Our customers also regularly report feelings of a clear mind and a general feeling of relaxation.

CBD has a good reputation for helping people sleep, but that doesn’t mean it makes you sleepy during the day. There is some evidence to suggest that CBD helps people sleep because CBD helps relieve anxiety and pain, both issues that can make it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep. Therefore, it doesn’t cause drowsiness or make people feel sleepy.

While CBD is legal in many places all over the world, travelling with CBD isn’t always straightforward. The surest way to find out if CBD oil is legal in the country you are travelling to is by speaking to a customs agent or an embassy official. You may also be able to receive assistance from airline or airport officials. In most cases, CBD oil should be safe to carry within Europe as long as it contains less than 0.2% THC, in the United States it must contain less than 0.3% THC. If you are travelling with CBD it might be useful to bring proof that your CBD is hemp-derived with lab analysis showing the THC content in case of being challenged, whilst also making sure you understand local regulations and adhere to rules regarding travelling with liquids.

CBD is not a medicine, it is classified as a Food Supplement in the UK. CBD is regulated by the Food Standards Agency and should be taken as part of a varied diet and healthy lifestyle.

If you would like any more information, feel free to check out our CBD Knowledge Centre. This is where we regularly publish news, information and the latest scientific research on CBD.